Testing of semiconductor components under cryogenic conditions

As a link between research and industrial application, the Fraunhofer EMFT in Munich is dedicated to the characterization of electronic semiconductor components such as transistors or memory components at extremely low temperatures and under cryogenic conditions. Through these investigations, we evaluate the performance and reliability of these components under extreme conditions and create the basis for their integration into new technologies.

© Fraunhofer EMFT / Bernd Müller
The Fraunhofer EMFT cryo lab team preparing the cryostat for measurements on superconducting qubits under cryogenic conditions

Cryo lab of Fraunhofer EMFT 

In our cryo laboratory, we welcome partners from research and industry who are looking for customized solutions for their specific measurement tasks. Equipped with state-of-the-art devices, an extensive measurement infrastructure and a wealth of expertise and experience, we meet the diverse requirements of our customers with the highest precision and reliability.

Our state-of-the-art 3He/4He dilution refrigerator is specifically designed for the characterization of qubits and advanced quantum technologies, yet offers versatility for a wide range of applications. With ample space for large samples and exceptional cooling capacity, it effectively meets diverse measurement needs. If you want to study the behavior of your products at ultra-low temperatures but do not have a dedicated cryostat, take advantage of our comprehensive measurement services. We excel in precision-driven scientific methodologies and have the flexibility to tailor solutions to meet companies' unique measurement needs.

Measurement of the critical current of a superconductor
© Fraunhofer EMFT
Measurement of the critical current of a superconductor
Transmissionsparameter eines Niobresonators auf flexiblem Substrat während des Abkühlvorgangs
© Fraunhofer EMFT
Transmission parameters of a niobium resonator on a flexible substrate during the cooling process
Chevron-Muster einer Single-Qubit-Rabi-Messung
© Fraunhofer EMFT
Chevron pattern of a single-qubit Rabi measurement


  • Base temperature: < 10 mK
  • Cooling capacity:
    • >14 µW at 20 mK
    • >400 µW at 100 mK
    • >1.5 W at 4 K
  • >60 HF lines, >40 DC-DC lines
  • Bandwidth: 18 GHz for HF lines
  • Various attenuators, amplifiers, filters, RF cryoswitches available
  • Large test volume for many test specimens

Service Offering in the field of electronic semiconductor components

  • HF measurements up to 18 GHz (e.g. resonators)
  • S-parameter measurement with the option of VNA cryo-calibration at the location of the test specimen in order to exclude the influence of the supply lines and the test setup
  • DC measurements (e.g. resistance, critical current, transistor characteristics)
  • Measurements on the 4K plate (e.g. for cryoelectronics)
  • Temperature-dependent measurements in the range from room temperature to ~10 mK 
  • Q-factor measurements from superconducting resonators to the single-photon regime
  • Various qubit characterization measurements (one- and two-tone spectroscopy, T1, T2*, T2)
Kryostat im Detail
© Fraunhofer EMFT
Detailed view of the HF lines inside the 3He/4He dilution refrigerator

Would you like to find out more about measurements at low temperatures?

Then get in touch with us!

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